October marks Breast Cancer Awareness Month, which seeks to increase understanding of how we can help defeat one of the most common cancers in women.
As increasingly more research targets new ways to detect the disease as soon as possible in the expectations of a better prognosis, here’s a roundup of a few of the latest inventions and improvements in screening:
Japanese and US scientists have developed super-thin bendable sensors that have the potential to be 1 day used to identify breast lumps. The ultra-thin sensors are just 3.4 micrometers thick – less than half the thickness of kitchen wrap – and may be utilized inside pressure-sensitive gloves to physically display for breast cancer.
The sensor is so flexible it can detect pressure changes accurately even though twisted like fabric, that your team says is a global first.
Based on the team, the sensations felt with all the gloves can also be shared with other doctors, who theoretically go through the same feelings as the doctor who performed the examination.
An American research which looked at 200 cancer patients in America, Denmark, and the Netherlands, found that a fresh blood test which viewed changes in DNA could successfully diagnose stage 1 and stage 2 cancers in 62% of cases of colorectal, breast, lung and ovarian cancer.
The results could pave the way to create a treatment that could identify various kinds cancer earlier in apparently healthy subjects, helping patients to prevent the intense treatments required by the later, metastasized phases.
The experts also commented that the test could be particularly helpful for those at an increased threat of cancer, such as women with hereditary mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that produce them more susceptible to breast and ovarian cancer.
Using man’s closest friend
The results of a more unusual but still promising study found that dogs can sniff out cancer in women with breast tumors.
Predicated on the idea that breast cancer cells have a unique smell which a dog’s delicate sense of smell can nasal area, the team gathered samples of cloth from 31 cancer patients which have been kept to the breast.
They discovered that after just half a year of training, a pair of German Shepherds became 100% accurate when detecting the condition just from sniffing the fabric.
As the technique is simple, noninvasive and cheap, after larger clinical trials it might potentially be a way of detecting cancer in countries where mammograms are tricky to find.